Twenty years of feminicides in Milan: a study

The research, conducted by the Institute of Forensic Medicine on 200 cases of murdered women, identifies certain constants and aims to contribute to 'putting an end to feminicide'. Even if the real solution is only one: the end of male domination.
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It was published by the magazine Science & Justice (volume 62-2, March 2022, pp. 214-220) the study "Twenty years of feminicide in Milan: A retrospective medico-legal analysis". (Twenty years of femicide in Milan: A retrospective medicolegal analysis) (you can read it here).

The study was conducted by Lucie Biehler-Gomez, Lidia Maggioni, Stefano Tambuzzi, Alessandra Kustermann, Cristina Cattaneo, the research team affiliated with the Laboratory of Forensic Anthropology and Odontology (LABANOF) of the University of Milan and/or the Sexual and Domestic Violence Service (SVSeD) of the Policlinico di Milano.

Most relevant results:

-        The killers are mostly intimate partners or ex-partners.

- Murders of women occur more frequently in domestic environment

- Women under 50 years of age are most frequently killed by a blunt trauma.

- Women over 50 years are more frequently killed by trauma than by blunt instrument.

Here theresearch abstract:

Femicide constitutes one of the main causes of premature death in women, yet it has been the subject of little research until recently. To understand and address this persistent phenomenon, more data on murders of women and girls need to be collected and analysed.

This study examines all cases of murders of women found at the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Milan (Italy) from 1999 to 2019; 2020/2021 data are shown separately given the possible distortion concerning violence against women and feminicide due to the forced cohabitation and stay in the house during the lockdown for the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.

In this study, specific factors were considered, including the age and nationality of the victims, where the bodies were found, the relationship of the victim to the murderer and the injuries sustained. As a result, out of more than 15,000 autopsies and 535 homicides investigated at the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Milan from 1999 to 2019, 200 murders of women were found, an average of 9.5 feminicides per year.

The majority of the victims were Italian (74%) and half were between 18 and 49 years old. The murders were committed the vast majority in the domestic sector (78.5%) by male perpetrators (at least 85%), linked to the victims as partner or ex-partner and family members (73.5%).

The murders were mainly perpetrated with cutting weapons (32%) or blunt objects (21.5%), firearms (18.5%) and choking or strangulation (16.5%).

This study is part of a growing effort to Improve the collection and analysis of data on feminicide. Study and monitor feminicide rates (or "femicide watch") will enable us to better understand, reduce and ultimately end feminicide globally.

Translation by Maria Celeste

Post by Feminist Post: Analyses and data collections will certainly be useful to understand the phenomenon, which shows no sign of decreasing. But what will 'end' feminicide is only the end of patriarchy and the domination of men over women.


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