Female wombs in male bodies

The envious dream of all time -to be able to have children without women, to erase mothers, in short, the Grail- is getting closer and closer to being realised: in five to ten years' time, even biologically male trans people will be able to receive a womb transplant and conduct a gestation. An 'inclusive' wish-right that would improve their quality of life and alleviate the symptoms of dysphoria. While the lives and health of girls and boys born from these practices are of no concern to bioethicists
Please be aware that the translation of contents, although automatic, has a cost to Feminist Post but is provided to you without any charge. Please consider making a contribution via the "Support us" page if you intend to use our translation service intensively.
The contents of this site are translated using automatic translation systems without the intervention of professional translators.
Translations are provided for the sole purpose of facilitating reading by international visitors.
Share this article

Euronews gives an account of the rapid progress of research on the uterus transplantation front, with particular reference to the request of trans MtF people whose bodies remain biologically male, while FtM people, if they retain their female genital apparatus, can undertake a pregnancy like any other woman: the 'pregnant fathers' that the mainstream press likes to report on are none other than women who self-identify as men.

In the article, which we translate here, women are referred to as cis- women, a suffix we have voluntarily omitted. In addition, the desire of trans MtF people - which can be turned into an 'inclusive' right - and the legislative profile of the issue are discussed. What's more: the bioethicists and experts questioned regard a womb transplant and a possible pregnancy that would follow as a kind of therapy for trans MtF people, which would consolidate their self-perception of themselves as women and alleviate the discomfort of their dysphoria.

To these novelties must be added the promising research on gametes - ova and sperm - produced from stem cells, which would make 'donations' superfluous (read here).

Not a word instead about the girls and children who in the not too distant future might be born from these practices -pregnant in male bodies-, about their physical and psychological health, about their right to be preserved from such great stress. Their discomfort does not count. Their lives are not worthy of bioethical reasoning. The fate of humanity and the erasure of the mother are not considered significant issues. Rather, some concern is expressed that a possible donor might express a preference for a woman like herself, 'ruling out' donating her womb to biological males who perceive themselves as women.

Not even mentioned is the fact that the male dream of being able to gestate and give birth without women - womb envy, which reaches its peak in the Freudian reversal into penis envy - constitutes the millenary soul of the patriarchal construction, the cup full of blood transparently represented by the myth of the Grail (here in the image comparable with that of a womb) and still remains the pivot around which much of the research on assisted fertilisation revolves.

Uteri femminili in corpi maschili
Uteri femminili in corpi maschili

A year ago the news that a surgeon from New Delhi would soon attempted uterine transplant in a man who identifies as a transgender woman, operation never before successfully performed on a male body, success that has already been recorded in women with infertility problems attributable to uterine problems.

The first womb transplant delivery took place in Sweden, in 2014. Today they would be 90 uterus transplants performed worldwide from the end of 2021, with the birth of around 50 children.

Mats Brännström, professor of obstetrics and gynaecology and head physician at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden, delivered the first baby born after a uterine transplant and He says he often receives e-mails from people 'assigned as males at birth' (i.e. biological males) asking him about the procedure. "I tell them that we have not done enough research," he explains, "but I think it will be possible in the future. It may take five or ten years, I would say'. He adds: 'If it is an effective and risk-free method, I do not believe that there are ethical limits'.

According to Nicola Williams, lecturer in media bioethics at Lanaster University, "there are definitely reasons based on equality to consider uterus transplants in transgender women. But there are also hormonal and anatomical considerations that mean that it will not be possible to transfer this procedure directly to the transgender population (...) to ensure that the procedure is safe and effective, Many studies on computer models, male animals and male cadavers will be necessary'.

"Ethically, I see no objection in principle to offering this intervention to trans women'. says Stephen Wilkinson, professor of bioethics at the same university: 'There are many positive ethical reasons for doing so. If we treat trans women as women and we accept their gender identity, and treat them equally in law and social practice, their request is as good as anyone else's".

In collaboration with other researchers, Wilkinson and Williams conducted a survey of 182 transgender women (see study here): most agree that the ability to gestate and give birth to children would improve the perception of one's femininity and alleviate the symptoms of dysphoria.

"I firmly believe that uterine transplantation allows for a specific kind of experience," said Chloe Romanis, lecturer in bio-law at the University of Durham and researcher at Harvard University, USA. "Wanting to be a parent is one thing, but wanting to be a gestational parent is another; it is a very unique experience. So I think it's something we have to respect.".

How uterine transplants differ from other transplants?

First, they are designed to be temporary: a woman receives a uterus, an embryo created by in vitro fertilisation (IVF) is implanted into it, she gives birth by caesarean section and finally undergoes a hysterectomy so as not to be forced to take immunosuppressants for longer than necessary, which may increase the risk of developing cancer. Things could become more complicated if the recipient requested a permanent uterus transplant, which could not be understood as a life-saving procedure.

In addition How would one decide who has priority on a possible waiting list? A woman born without a uterus or who has had a hysterectomy after cancer, or a trans woman?

Says Laura O'Donovan, research associate working with Williams. and Wilkinson at Lancaster University. "These transplants are not performed on women born without a uterus to consolidate their female identity and enable them to menstruate; there is a clear reproductive purpose here (...) A womb transplant in transgender women improves the quality of life, it is not life-saving'.

What would happen, for example, if a donor specified that she would only want to donate her womb to a woman and not to a trans woman? And how would it be decided that the need of one recipient is greater than that of another?

"I personally believe that both of these things are important," says Romanis, "and comparing them involves the danger of pitting two groups of women against each other in a way that is... is very dangerous. And it ends up marginalising minority groups'.

In addition to ethical considerations there are legal issues: for example, Would denying such transplants to transgender women violate anti-discrimination laws?

"In the UK, for example, with l'Equality Act would be illegal to discriminate on the basis of someone's gender' says O'Donovan. "Therefore, transgender women cannot be subject to discrimination on the basis of this characteristic, if womb transplants became mainstream, it might be illegal to refuse to perform one on a transgender woman solely because of his gender identity'.

Romanis recalls the debate among British academics on the 2008 National Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act, according to which an embryo must be implanted in a woman: "The position of a trans woman was discussed. Most liberal-minded people have read our equality legislation and said that under the law a trans woman is a woman. So as long as they have gone through the legal process to be recognised as women, must have access to in vitro fertilisation if they have a transplanted uterus'. According to the academic i uterine transplants are only one of the whole spectrum of assisted gestation technologies, a small part of a much broader technological future that also includes things like surrogacy and even artificial placentas or entities that could gestate outside the body. "I think that these technologies have the potential to really change the way we think about assisted gestation," he says. "And I think that could bring real benefits to marginalised groups, as long as they are applied in a certain way'.

introduction and translation by Marina Terragni, article by Euronews here.


Much of the news published by Feminist Post you will not read elsewhere. That is why it is important to support us, even with a small contribution: Feminist Post is produced solely by the voluntary work of many people and has no funding.
If you think our work can be useful for your life, we will be grateful for even the smallest contribution.

You can give us your contribution by clicking here: Patreon - Feminist Post
You might also be interested in
10 April 2024
UK. Cass report: no more affirmative therapy for children with gender-related problems
Pediatrician Hilary Cass' final report on child transitions comes out: offering affirmative therapy was a failure. There is no evidence on the effectiveness of puberty blockers, which should never be prescribed except in rare cases. Hormones of the opposite sex should not be given before the age of 18, and even between 18 and 25 caution should be exercised. A definitive watershed
The long-awaited final report of the Cass Review, an independent review chaired by paediatrician Hilary Cass on public health services for children and young people with 'gender dysphoria', came out this morning. Its final report and recommendations were presented to NHS England. Here are the highlights. The condemnation for affirmative therapy is final, and determined by the absolute lack of evidence that puberty blockers and opposite-sex hormones bring real benefits to children suffering from 'gender incongruence [...]
Read now
28 March 2024
Hormone therapies on children: doctors' insurances start to run away
The risk of million-dollar claims by minors undergoing irreversible treatment who regret the 'affirmative therapy' is too high: this is why some insurance companies no longer feel like covering 'gender medicine' under their policies
Those who resist the market for the transition of gender non-conforming girls and boys know very well that almost always the turning point - as was the case in the UK with Keira Bell and in the US with Chloe Cole - is the lawsuit brought by a former child-or treated-or with blockers and hormones against the doctors who administered the 'therapy': the detransitioners' side is decisive. Then the game becomes money versus money: the money collected by the gender clinics versus the money they end up [...].
Read now
23 March 2024
Also in Wyoming stop the transition of minors
It is the 24th US state to ban drug and surgical treatments on the bodies of gender non-conforming girls and boys. Doctors and practitioners who continue to prescribe affirmative therapy will lose their licences. Decisive in the passage of the law was the testimony - and legal action - of detransitioner Chloe Cole. A regulation banning trans-indoctrination in schools was also approved.
From next 1 July, hormone treatments and gender transition surgery of minors will be banned in Wyoming. With the passage of the law, Senate File 99, Wyoming will join 23 other US states, from Alabama to West Virginia, that have banned or severely restricted gender-affirming medicine on minors. Under the law, doctors, pharmacists and other health care providers who provide gender-affirming care could have their licences suspended or revoked. Opposed by Governor Mark Gordon, [...]
Read now
12 March 2024
The UK has decided: no more puberty blockers for children with dysphoria. It is the ultimate turning point (in memory of Yarden Silveira, 1998-2021, killed by 'sex change')
Not only the stop at the Tavistock Clinic: no British centre for 'gender non-conforming' girls and boys will be able to prescribe puberty blockers any more. The approach will have to be solely psychological: a resounding turning point that will have knock-on effects all over the world, including Italy. One of the biggest scandals in the history of medicine is finally coming to an end: will someone pay for the thousands of irreversibly damaged minors? Recalling here one among them who lost his life because of the unscrupulousness of doctors and surgeons
The British National Health Service (NHS) announces that PUBERTY BLOCKERS WILL NO LONGER BE ADMINISTRATED TO MINORS WITH GENDER Dysphoria: this is huge and heart-warming news after years and years of fighting on the front line. So not only is the dedicated service of the Tavistock Clinic in London closing, but no centre for the treatment of minors with dysphoria will use puberty blockers any more. The decision, described as 'historic', will have knock-on effects worldwide, [...].
Read now
6 March 2024
WPATH scandal: 'therapies' for children with dysphoria are improvised and prescribed without real consent
The World Professional Transgender Health is considered the leading global scientific and medical authority on 'gender medicine': over the past decades its standards of care have shaped the guidelines, policies and practices of governments, medical associations, public health systems and private clinics worldwide, including the WHO. But leaked documents reveal the neglect of children -including children with severe mental disorders- subjected to improvised treatments, without taking into account the long-term consequences and without being sure they were clear about what they were doing
The news manages to shock even those who have long fought against affirmative therapy - puberty blockers, hormones and surgery - for gender non-conforming minors, such as psychoanalyst David Bell who exposed the scandal at the Tavistock Clinic in London: 'Even for me the contents of these files are shocking and disturbing,' he said. "The files suggest that some WPATH members are aware that gender-affirming treatments sometimes cause very serious harm and [...]
Read now
2 March 2024
Bodies that don't count: Judith Butler returns to the fray
In a crowded lecture at the London School of Economics, the Californian philosopher and pioneer of gender theory reiterated the cornerstones of her thinking: the materiality of sex does not exist, women do not have the exclusive right to be women and must open up to other subjects starting with Queers and pro-Palestinians, transfeminism is anti-capitalist and anti-fa for a common fight against "fascist passions". And it attacks gender-critical feminism "allied with the Right".
At one point, it seemed that Judith Butler had changed her ways. The Californian philosopher, one of the most influential of the last thirty years, a theorist of gender performativity, who had arrived along a radical constructivist path to the negation of the material consistency of gendered bodies to the point of problematising and/or dismantling the subject 'woman' itself, had acknowledged: "My definition gave rise to two contrasting interpretations: for one, everyone chooses their own gender; for the second, we are all women. had recognised: 'my definition gave rise to two conflicting interpretations: for the first, everyone chooses their own gender; for the second, we are all completely determined by gender norms [...].
Read now
1 2 3 56