Detransition: first scientific study
Conducted by psychiatrist Lisa Littman who interviewed 100 detransitioners, the research highlights the complexity of these experiences. Doubts about the usefulness and effectiveness of pharmacological and surgical "therapies" are increasingly well founded. Let's see why

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After a thorough scientific evaluation lasting one yearor, the results of the first systematic research on have been published detransitioner.

The study of American psychiatrist Lisa Littman It is entitled "Subjects treated for gender dysphoria with medical and/or surgical transition who subsequently detransitioned: Survey of 100 detransitioners" (full text here)

Unlike previous studies, this research is conducted exclusively on people who have undergone medicalization for a diagnosis of gender dysphoria, and subsequently decided to stop it.

Lisa Littman hosted a survey of 100 participants, 67% born women and 31% born men, a proportion that reflects the current situation, in which it is above all women who are looking for a "transition" as if for "escape from a burning house", as we have said here.

The questionnaire, in which two people collaborated detransitioner, includes multiple choice questions and open questions. The categorizations of the results and the hypotheses therefore derive entirely from the answers of the people detransitioner.

Some emerge from the study recurring characteristics in transition and detransition experiences, including the following:

  • There is no clinical data on how common the choice to detransition is; Littman estimates it's much more common than such clinics say. Only 24% of participants informed their doctors or clinics of their detransition of the transition who diagnosed gender dysphoria and began medicalization.
  • The responses on psychological and social factors (Table 2), as well as the multiple and complex reasons and self-evaluations and thegeneral dissatisfaction (69.7%) for the transition reported by the participants suggest according to Littman that the current approach does not sufficiently take into account the contributing causes and the context in which gender dysphoria emerges and which leads to incorrect or inappropriate diagnoses, which result in detransition.
  • The experience of transition and detransition is different depending on gender: it emerged that those born female were younger when they transitioned and detransitioned, and that the medicalized transition lasted less than for men. Average transition age for women 20, men 26; average detransition age for women 23.6 years, men 32.7. Duration of medical transition for women 3.2 years, men 5.4.
  • The study provides further information on complex relationships between homophobia and internalized misogyny, gender dysphoria and desire for transition. Almost a quarter of the participants (23.0%) stated that they also transitioned due to the discomfort of being attracted to the same sex, the "desire not to be homosexual" or difficulty accepting being lesbian, gay or bisexual.
  • I study confirms that gender dysphoria, especially in adolescents, is often temporary, as indicated by previous research and that it may be caused by psychological factors in combination with social influence (see here).
  • Finally, many of the participants evaluated their experience with the professionals who treated them, and “they believe they did not receive an adequate evaluation before the transition.” Lisa Littman hypothesizes that the increase in and detransitioners may be due toso-called “affirmative” approach or “informed consent model of care”, which provides for initiate medical transition to those who request it after a brief evaluation, promoted in the United States by the American Academy of Pediatrics and Planned Parenthood.

Maria Celeste

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