1946, Italians vote: except for "wandering" prostitutes and cloistered nuns

The first female vote was not in the referendum of 2 June, as many believe, but in the local elections of 10 March 1946, with a turnout of 89 per cent. But it was not a first for all
Please be aware that the translation of contents, although automatic, has a cost to Feminist Post but is provided to you without any charge. Please consider making a contribution via the "Support us" page if you intend to use our translation service intensively.
The contents of this site are translated using automatic translation systems without the intervention of professional translators.
Translations are provided for the sole purpose of facilitating reading by international visitors.
Share this article

To women "???????? ????????????????????????????????" vote for the first time in Italy ???????? ???????????????????? ???????????? ????????????????, and not on 2 June as many people think, for local elections, the first ballot boxes in Italy ???? after the ???????????????? of ???????????????????????????? ???????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????? in the country liberated from fascism and ???????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????. Only ???????? ???????????????? ???????? the Italians were able to ???????????????????????? e ???????????????????????? ????????????????????????.

The first request for women's suffrage came from the Women's Voting Commission of ????????????, the Italian Women's Union, which was set up on the initiative of some members of the movement ????????????????????????????????????????????????: it was supported by the representatives of the ???????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ???????????????????????????? and the National Pro-Vote Committee, which brought together the main organisations.

Shortly before, ???????? ???????????????????????????? ???????????? ???????????????? -with Europe still at war and ???????????????? ???????????????????????? ???????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????- a meeting of the Council of Ministers discussed women's suffrage, which was hastily approved as something ???????????????????? or, at that point, inevitable.

The decree, signed by the Lieutenant General of ???????????????????? ????'???????????????????????? ???????????????????????????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????????????, came into force on ???? ????????????????????????????????: they could vote ???????????????????? ???????????? ????????ù ???????? ???????? ???????????????? with the exception of prostitutes ???????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????? "???????? ????????????????????????????????????????" off ???????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????, while those in brothels were allowed to vote.

At the time, brothels, called 'brothels', were legal. They were outlawed in 1958 by ???????????????? ????????????????????????, which also abolished the regulation of prostitution by introducing the ???????????????????? ???????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????? ???? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.

???????????????? ???????????????????????? was the first woman to be ???????????????????????? ???????? ???????????????????????? ???????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????? and to her we owe the protection of women enshrined in ????????????. ???? of the Italian Constitution: "All citizens...are equal before the law, regardless of ????????????????????". Today laws such as Zan aim to trample on theidentity of ???????????????????????? in legislation, belittling or aiming to replace gender, whereby we are protected as women.

In the first decree, however (that of 30 January), a not insignificant detail was forgotten: ????'????????????????????????????????????????????à ???????????????????? ????????????????????.

"Oversight" that was not exactly a coincidence: The idea that if women won the right to be ???????????????????????????????????? they could also win the right to be ???????????????????????? worried men who saw their decision-making space reduced.

Their eligibility was only established by a ???????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????, the ???????? number ???????????????????? ???????????? ???????????????? (one year later).

The decree established both the electoral system for the first post-war local elections and that women aged at least ???????? ???????????????? could elect and those with at least ???????? ???????????????? could be elected.

With the second decree also at ???????????????????? ???????? ???????????????????????????????? -at the time ???????????????????? ???????? ???????????????????????????????????? ???????? ????????????????????????????à and forgotten along with the "wandering" prostitutes - was granted a vow. Many of them had not left their convents for decades. "The cloistered nuns stood out, who, disciplined by their confessors, went to vote for the democratic lists." (L'Unità).

????????????????ò ???????????????????????? ???????? ???????????????????????????? ???????????? ???????? ???????????????????????????????????????? 'strays' - as they are called in the language of public security.

In 1947 (two years later), this last exclusion was also removed, reflecting a society steeped in respectability and hypocritically Catholic.

Women turned out for the administration en masse, and the general turnout exceeded 89%.

About 2,000 female candidates were elected to municipal councils, ???????? ???????????????????????????????????????????? in the lists of ????????????????????????????????.

The first female mayors in the history of Italy were also elected: ???????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????? in Orune, in the province of Nuoro; ???????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????? in Borutta, in the province of Sassari; ???????????? ????????????????????????, in Massa Fermana, in the province of Fermo; ???????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????? in Veronella, in the province of Verona; ???????????????????? ???????????????????????????? in Fanano, in the province of Modena; ???????????????????? ???????????????????????????? ???????????????????? in Tropea, then in the province of Catanzaro.

Contrary to popular belief, ???????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????? did not make its debut with the referendum of 2 June 1946 on the choice between ???????????????????????????????????????? ???? M????????????????????????????????, and that recorded the same large participation by women.

History teaches us that women have always had to fight for the basic rights that men are given at birth.. For women, however, there is always a kind of 'double-check', i.e. a doubly strict evaluation of rights, which are 'granted' rather than recognised.

The resistance that power exerts in the face of female desire and will is most strikingly manifested in the fact that women must regularly ask for their wishes to be 'heard'. 

For many women, active in the Resistance or in health care work at the front, used by male domination for its own expansionist goals, the post-war period was a return to the domestic space, and certainly this created no small amount of discontent.

Sara Punzo

Much of the news published by Feminist Post you will not read elsewhere. That is why it is important to support us, even with a small contribution: Feminist Post is produced solely by the voluntary work of many people and has no funding.
If you think our work can be useful for your life, we will be grateful for even the smallest contribution.

You can give us your contribution by clicking here: Patreon - Feminist Post
You might also be interested in
30 May 2023
Spain: woke sex also among the reasons for the end of Podemos
Ley Trans. Only Yes is Yes' law that reduced penalties for sex offenders. And now also a Manifesto for Sex Education for All* that jeopardises the safety of girls and boys. The spirit is always the same: a queer sexuality promoted by outgoing minister Irene Montero. Which, however, voters and electors apparently do not like. An analysis by lecturer Juana Gallego, feminist affected by the cancel culture
In yesterday's local elections in Spain, the left lost disastrously - as in Italy, for that matter. In particular, there was the stinging defeat of Podemos, which in many regions almost went extinct. In the analyses of the Spanish vote, perhaps not enough emphasis is given to two manifesto-laws of Podemos, and in particular of the transfeminist minister Irene Montero: the 'Only Yes is Yes' law, which reduced penalties for sexual crimes, and the Ley Trans, which [...]
Read now
26 May 2023
This time it is: in the skin of children
Against the ruling of the Court of Cassation, which prevents the full transcription of birth certificates of children born from surrogacy by allowing only the biological parent to be named and indicating stepchild adoption for his or her partner, some male couples in Milan are undertaking a new form of resistance: not even registering the biological parent - or both or neither - leaving the child in an administrative limbo in which, in this case, he or she would be deprived of the most elementary rights, from paediatrician to school
After the Prefecture of Milan, in application of a ruling by the Court of Cassation, blocked the transcription of the full birth certificates of children born on the initiative of same-sex couples - indicating that only the biological parent should be transcribed and the stepchild adoption, i.e. adoption in special cases, which is perfectly legitimate, should be the only way forward - the municipality of Milan is experiencing this, according to the report by Roberta Osculati, PD vice-president of the City Council: same-sex couples [...].
Read now
11 May 2023
The Istanbul Convention belongs to women! The Right does not obstruct Europe's ratification
By abstaining from yesterday's vote, preliminary to the European accession to the most important treaty against violence against women, the MEPs of the Lega and Fratelli d'Italia gave in to the pressure of the Pro Vita, who read that document as anti-family and pro-gender (the same concerns expressed by Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan). But Italy has already acceded to the Convention and apparently this is not the government's orientation. And Lgbtq claims have nothing to do with it. Women between two misogynist fires: religious extremism and queer instrumentalisation
Yesterday, a resolution was passed in Europe calling on the EU to accede to the Istanbul Convention (2011), the most important international treaty -legally binding- against violence against women and domestic violence. Italy has already ratified the Convention in 2013, while 6 European countries (Bulgaria, Czechia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania and Slovakia) have not yet done so. Yesterday's vote is preliminary to the accession of the entire EU to the Convention. Incredibly, the MEPs of Fratelli d'Italia and the Lega abstained from the vote. [...]
Read now
8 May 2023
The Bundestag is preparing to vote on a proposal modelled on the horrible Spanish law that allows free choice of gender even for minors with a simple self-declaration at the registry office (in addition to the possibility of changing one's mind several times). Also in the front line here is a left-wing woman counterpart of Irene Montero: the Green Minister for Women's Affairs Lisa Paus. But the opinion of the Federal Constitutional Court, which expresses many doubts about the deletion of the category 'sex', will be needed.
What is a woman? The answer that Justice Minister Buschmann (FDP, Liberal Democratic Party) and Women's Affairs Minister Lisa Paus (Greens, pictured) give to this question is: a woman is anyone who claims to be a woman. This is the core of the 'bill on self-determination in gender registration' that both ministries have now presented. With a simple declaration at the registry office, everyone will in future be able to change their sex: from male to [...]
Read now
6 April 2023
UK: towards a legal distinction between 'born women' and trans people
The British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak takes a decisive step backwards on so-called 'trans rights' in the skin of women. And instructs the Minister for Equal Opportunities to prepare a change in the legal definition of sex by distinguishing it from 'perceived' sex. Even when the 'gender change' certificate has been obtained
British Minister for Women and Equal Opportunities Kemi Badenoch Rishi Sunak wants to create a legal distinction between women by birth and men who 'become female' on documents after obtaining a Gender Recognition Certificate (GRC). The new British prime minister has given a swerve to solve the problems caused by perceived legal gender recognition that does not match the reality of bodies: it was a few days ago the news about the independent enquiry [...]
Read now
27 March 2023
Is violence structural to transfeminism?
Paola Pieri, from the group MaternaMente, recounts the violence she suffered in Florence from trans activists
Text by Paola Pieri, of the group MaternaMente. Last Thursday, 23 March, I went in front of the Careggi hospital, here in Florence, where a small garrison called by 'Resistance to the nanoworld' was being held, attended by Silvia Guerini, author of the book 'From the neutral body to the post-human cyborg, critical reflections on gender ideology'. Presidium called in such a place because it is where dozens of minors and others with 'gender dysphoria', treated with puberty blockers, hormones and other planned [...].
Read now
1 2 3 ... 18